History of Welding

Dan Shewfelt


Who knew welding was an ancient art?

Alright boys and girls, it’s time for your history lesson of the day. For those of you who don’t know, we’re history buffs over here at Axis and we thought we’d share with you a nice little lesson on welding.

This might be somewhat shocking to you, but the history of welding dates back thousands of years to the 5th century BCE when Glaucus of Chios invented it. The first style of welding is usually called forge welding with some of the earliest evidence dating back to the bronze and iron ages of the Middle East and Europe. Of course a big part of welding back then was the construction of weapons, armor and security fences for castles. However, the biggest historical example of welding is from the construction of the Iron pillar in India around 310 AD.

By the time the Middle Ages came about, forge welding was being done around the world where blacksmiths pounded hot metals to bond them together.

Dawn of a new era

At the dawn of the 1800s a new form of welding came to be, after Sir Humphry Davy discovered the short pulse electrical arc and capitalized on his findings in 1801. By the following year, scientists in Russia had also discovered it and it hit international publication and inventors Stanislaw Olszewski and Nikolai Bernardos developed the world’s first electric arc welding method, known today as carbon arc welding. By the turn of the next century, a coated metal electrode was released which gave welders a more stable arc. Five years later, Russian scientists created a three-phase electric welding and by 1919, alternating current welding had been invented, along with a torch.

World War I caused a surge in welding and resulted in it becoming a noble trade and profession. Regardless of whether it was the manufacturing of weapons or the construction of a ship, welders came from far and wide to earn a good living and receive consistent work.

As the century progressed, welding continued to evolve into various new styles suck as stud welding, submerged arc welding and various other types.

As the years passed, welding has grown leaps and bounds and today, companies like Lincoln Electric continue to move the needle in a craft that is revered amongst tradesmen and used around the world for all types of industry.

Are you considering becoming a welder? Do you want to further your career in welding? Call us to find out how we can help.

Until next week,